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Hypernyms and Hyponyms

Vocabulary Building · English Word Power

by Manik Joshi

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What are "Hypernyms and Hyponyms"?HYPERNYM ——[Hyper- Over; -Onym: Name]Hypernym is a word that denotes general category.Hypernym [singular] | Hypernyms [plural]Examples: game, bird, etc.Hypernym is also called 'Generic term', 'Super-ordinate', 'Super-type', or 'Superset'.Derived terms related to 'Hypernyms':HypernymousWords that are hypernyms are said to be hypernymous.HypernymyThe state of being a hypernym is called hypernymy.HYPONYM ——[Hypo- Under; -Onym: Name]Hyponym is a word that denotes particular item from general category.Hyponym [singular] | Hyponyms [plural]Examples: football/hockey/cricket, eagle/peacock/sparrow, etc.Hyponym is also called 'Subordinate', 'Subtype' or 'Subset'.Derived terms related to 'Hyponyms':HyponymousWords that are hyponyms are said to be hyponymous.HyponymyThe state of being a hyponym is called hyponymy.In above examples, 'game' is the hypernym (or supertype) of 'cricket', 'football' and 'hockey'.'Cricket', 'football' and 'hockey' are hyponyms (or subtypes) of 'game'.Similarly, 'bird' is the hypernym (or supertype) of 'eagle', 'peacock' and 'sparrow'.'Eagle', 'peacock' and 'sparrow' are hyponyms (or subtypes) of 'bird'.IMPORTANT NOTE 1:Relationship between hypernym and hyponym is termed as 'is-a relationship'.Pattern:Hyponym + is-a/an + HypernymExample 1:Hypernym: gameHyponym: cricket, football, hockeyCricket is a game.Football is a game.Hockey is a game.Example 2:Hypernym: birdHyponym: eagle, peacock, sparrowEagle is a bird.Peacock is a bird.Sparrow is a bird.Hypernyms and Hyponyms — AHypernym / Hyponym — Example A1 —Hypernym — acidHyponyms — amino acid / ascetic acid / ascorbic acid / boric acid / carbonic acid / citric acid / hydrochloric acid / hydrofluoric acid / lactic acid / nitric acid / nucleic acid / oxalic acid / phosphoric acid / sulfuric (sulphuric) acidHypernym / Hyponym — Example A2 —Hypernym — accountHyponyms — budget account / checking account / current account / deposit account / savings accountHypernym / Hyponym — Example A3 —Hypernym — affixHyponyms — prefix / suffixHypernym / Hyponym — Example A4 —Hypernym — AfricanHyponyms — Algerian / Congolese / Egyptian / Kenyan / Liberian / Libyan / Moroccan / Senegalese / Sudanese / UgandanHypernym / Hyponym — Example A5 —Hypernym — algaeHyponyms — anabaena / cowstail / cuvie / dabbylocks / featherweed / flans / grapestone / gulf weed / honeyware / laver / liadhaig / murlins / nostoc / pod weed / pompon / oscillatoria / rockweed / seaweed / thong weed / watersilkHypernym / Hyponym — Example A6 —Hypernym — age [a particular period of historyHyponyms — bronze age / iron age / new age / stone ageHypernym / Hyponym — Example A7 —Hypernym — agentHyponyms — double agent / estate agent / land agent / press agent / secret agent / special agent / travel agentHypernym / Hyponym — Example A08 —Hypernym — alloyHyponyms — amalgam / billon / brass / bronze / iron / magnalium / megallium / nichrome / scandium / solder / steel / stelliteHypernym / Hyponym — Example A09 —Hypernym — amphibianHyponyms — frog / salamander / toadHypernym / Hyponym — Example A10 —Hypernym — angleHyponyms — acute angle / adjacent angle / exterior angle / interior angle / obtuse angle / reflex angle / right angle

Publication Details

Publisher:
Manik Joshi
Imprint:
Smashwords Edition
Publication Date:
2014
Series:
English Word Power

Format

  • OverDrive Read
  • Adobe EPUB eBook 242.6 KB

Manik Joshi (Author)

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an internet marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (cre...

More about Manik Joshi
Hypernyms and Hyponyms
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