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蒋介石全传( The Life Story of Chiang Kai-shek)

by 池昕鸿


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蒋介石(1887—1975)浙江奉化人,名中正,幼名瑞元,谱名周泰,学名志清。1907年入保定全国陆军速成学堂。1908年留学日本。1908年加入同盟会。1910年日本振武学校毕业后,入日本陆军第十三师团第十九联队为士官候补生,辛亥革命后追随孙中山,曾参加反对袁世凯的活动。1923年赴苏联考察军事政治。1924年回国后任黄埔军校校长,国民革命军第一军军长。1926年先后制造"中山舰事件"、"整理党务案",打击共产党和革命势力。后任国民政府军事委员会主席,国民革命军总司令,国民党中央执行委员会常务委员会主席。率师北伐途中,于1927年发动了"4·12"政变,在各地清党,第一次国共合作公开破裂。1928年任南京国民政府主席,不断进行新军阀混战。1931年"9·18"事变后,任军事委员会委员长,推行"攘外必先安内"政策,围攻红军革命根据地。1936年"西安事变"后,被迫接受抗日主张,实行第二次国共合作。1938年任中国国民党总裁,三民主义青年团团长。( Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975), from Fenghua, Zhejiang is known as Chung-cheng. His infant name is Ruiyuan, genealogy name Zhoutai and formal name Zhiqing. In 1907, he was admitted to the Baoding Military Academy, an intensive academy of the nationwide army. In 1908, he studied in Japan and joined the Chinese United League. After he graduated from the Tokyo Shinbu Gakko, Japan in 1910, he served as a candidate of the non-commissioned officer of the 19th Regiment of the 13th Division of the Japanese army. After the Revolution of 1911, he followed Sun Yat-sen and once participated in the activities against Yuan Shikai. In 1923, he studied on military politics in the Soviet Union. After returning to China in 1924, he served as the Principal of the Whampoa Military Academy and Commander of the 1st Army of the National Revolutionary Army. In 1926, he instigated "Zhongshan Warship Incident" and "Finishing Party Case" successively to attack the CPC and revolutionary forces. Later, he served as the Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist Government, Generalissimo of the National Revolutionary Army and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Central Executive Committee of the KMT. During the Northern Expedition with his troops, he launched "April 12" Purge in 1927 and purged the communists all over China, thus breaking the first KMT-CPC cooperation publicly. In 1928, he served as the Chairman of the Nanjing Nationalist Government and kept carrying out fights between new warlords. After the "September 18th" Incident in 1931, he served as the Generalissimo of the Military Council, carried out the policy of "internal pacification before external resistance" and besieged the revolutionary bases of the Red Army. After the "Xi'an Incident" in 1936, he was forced to accept the counter-Japanese claim and carry out the second KMT-CPC cooperation. In 1938, he served as the President of the KMT of China and the Head of the Three People's Principles Youth League.)

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蒋介石全传( The Life Story of Chiang Kai-shek)
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